Pursuing Truth:  Expert Strategies for Detecting Lies, Half-Truths and Other Deceptions

This seminar will teach basic techniques of what to look for determine whether a person is truthful, or less than truthful. The following areas will be covered during the presentation.

Separating out the liar from the anxious

  1. Observe twice as much as you speak
  2. Engage with open ended questions to observe the common practices including eye contact, comfort with shaking your hand, how they stand in relationship to you or the speaker, look to see if they block communication as a pattern (hands, eyes, arms, body)
  3. Consider yourself a polygraph and note the highs and lows of emotional expression
  4. If their voice goes up at the end of a sentence they are asking you a question, ask them for more detail.
  5. Ask if there is anything they could explain more fully.
  6. Don't confront when you hear a lie. Listen and take notes. Go onto another matter and then circle back to get more details. Persons who are fabricating break down in their ability to be sequential.

Myths about lying

  • There are lies of Commission and Omission
  • There are lies that are told verbally (psycholinguistics) and physically (body language)
  • Telling the truth from a lie is not always about what they say but how they say it.
  • Telling the truth is a matter of careful watching and listening, but you must know the person to tell if what they are doing is out of the ordinary for them.


  • True or false: A person who does not look you in the eye is lying.
  • Some persons are auditory, others are visual still others are kinesthetic.
  • When you meet someone and you introduce yourself, watch their eyes. If they avert their eyes it doesn't mean they are lying about their name, it may mean they are nervous or they don't like you. It doesn't mean they are lying.


  • True or false: persons who cross their arms are withholding information

Fingers that are folded or interlocking

  • Gestures that are mechanical or lack fluidity is a sign of pretense. It may suggest a planned deception.

Facial indicators and signs to look for:

  • Hands to face/covering their mouth
  • Shaking your head from side to side while saying yes to a request or statement
  • Frowning as they say they are pleased or smiling when they say they are distressed
  • A genuine smile lights up their whole face

Head actions

  • How do liars move their heads?
  • Liars move away with or without jerky movements
  • Persons telling the truth move toward the speaker

Timing is Everything

  • Shoulder shrug before the statement versus after the statement
  • Words that confirm the intent of the speaker before or as the words are coming out equal Truth
  • Words that confirm the intent of the speaker after the words are spoken equal attempt to convince

Interpersonal Interactions


What are the Myths:

  • Wrongfully accused get defensive. True or False?
  • Wrongfully accused goes on the offensive. True or False?
  • A common refrain
  • If he's not touching he's probably bluffing

Upper body

  • Posture: non liars are more likely to stand tall
  • Anxious and intimated persons slouch and are hunched over

Use of barriers

  • Door behaviors
  • Use of books, desk, computer between the speaker and you
7 part video, duration of 01:04:29.
Production Date
State Due Date Credit Information

Kenneth J. Manges

Kenneth J. Manges


  • Certification training in Bereavement, April, 2001
  • Certification training in Meditation, Harvard University, MA., December 2010
  • Certification training Ohio DMH as a Trainer of Emergency Responders, 2004
  • Certification training as an Ohio DMH Emergency Responder, 2003
  • Certification training in Mediation, Harvard University, MA., February, 2000
  • Certified Forensic Psychologist, University of Virginia, April, 1984
  • Ph.D., in Psychology, University of Maryland, June, 1974
  • Masters in Science, in Psychology, Brooklyn College, New York, June, 1972
  • B.A., in Psychology, Adelphi University, New York, June,1970

Professional Licenses, Certifications and Testimony

  • Licensed Psychologist, MS., 2011
  • Licensed Psychologist, OH., 1985
  • Licensed Psychologist, WV., 1978
  • Diplomate, American Board of Vocational Experts, 1998
  • Diplomate, American Board of Forensic Examiners, 1997
  • Diplomate, American Board of Professional Disability Consultants, 1992
  • Diplomate, National Center for Crisis Management, 1998
  • Diplomate, American Academy of Pain Management, 1992
  • Recognized expertise in federal, civil and military courts.

Work Experiences

1/86 – Present Dr. Kenneth J. Manges & Associates, Cincinnati, Ohio. Administrative Director, Supervising

Consultation: Patient consultation with other providers. Litigation consultation with attorneys regarding complex civil litigation, employment and issues, professional malpractice, work place injury, loss of life, as well as, psychological trauma and vocational wage loss. Public service announcements regarding psychological and forensic issues.

Evaluations for: Psychological and vocational issues for self referrals (adults and children), as well as public, non-profit and private entities. Child evaluations for ADHD, sexual trauma and autism syndrome.  Criminal defense evaluations including competency and NGRI. Civil forensic examinations including competency, harassment, untoward influence and grief. Parenting evaluations of competency and visitation. Fitness for duty and psychological assessment. IME exams regarding psychological issues due to alleged work injuries for employers and claimant attorneys. Vocational analysis for social security applications. Posttraumatic Stress and related psychological issues related to war veterans, as well as, forensic and non-forensic emotional trauma referrals. Substance abuse evaluations and treatment. Psychological evaluations for implant of medical devices.

Treatment: Individual and group psychotherapy for emotional issues. Treatment for work stress, job loss and career transition.

9/78 - 12/85 Counseling and Communications Center, Charleston, West Virginia
Administrative Director. Supervising Psychologist. Psychological and psycho-educational evaluator. Family and marital therapist. Inpatient consultation with physicians, psychiatrists and patients. Forensic criminal consultations and examinations. Worker’s Compensation Evaluations and Disability Evaluations.

8/77 – 8/78 Bath – Brunswick Mental Health Center, Bath, Maine
Consultation and Education Program Director. School Psychological Services Program Director. Contract negotiations. Supervisor of Ph.D. psychologists and psychological testing.

9/74 – 8/77 Wheeler Clinic, Plainville, Connecticut
Staff Psychologist. Psychological and psycho –educational evaluator. Individual and group psychotherapy. Family diagnostics and family therapy. Consultation with referral sources.

8/72 – 8/74 Great Oaks Retardation Center, Silver Springs, Maryland (part time pre-doctoral externship)
Staff psychologist for inpatients. Consultant to outpatient facilities for the Mentally Handicapped. Staff training in behavioral techniques. Research on doctoral dissertation.


Internship Experiences

9/75 – 6-77 Bristol Hospital, Bristol, Connecticut
Family Therapy internship program through Ackerman Institute of New York. Weekly group supervision of ongoing cases Monthly seminars. Quarterly presentations of issues in family therapy.

9/71 – 8/72 Hackensack Rehabilitation Center, Hackensack, New Jersey
Psychometric and counseling internship program in conjunction with Brooklyn College Supervisor. Psychological evaluations and counseling under Ph.D. supervision. Weekly review of test findings. Monthly presentation of cases.

12/69 – 12/70 Kings County Hospital, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York
Psychometric evaluations with inpatients. Weekly review of test findings. Participation in Grand Rounds. Supervised inpatient treatment.

10/69 – 9/70 Family Court Mental Health Clinic, Westbury, New York
Counseling with court-referred adolescents. Weekly counseling sessions with court referrals. Biweekly
supervision sessions.


Professional Memberships and Associations

  • Academy of Medicine-Hamilton, Ohio
  • American Academy of Bereavement
  • American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress
  • American Board of Professional Disability Consultants
  • American Board of Vocational Experts (President 1998-2000)
  • American Psychological Association
  • Association for Psychological Science
  • International Association of Rehabilitation Professionals (Ohio Board of Directors)
  • National Center for Crisis Management
  • Ohio Psychological Association
  • Mississippi Psychological Association
  • South Western Ohio Rehabilitation Association
  • West Virginia Psychological Association

Hospital Affiliations

Christ Hospital
Good Samaritan Hospital
Mercy Hospital (Mount Airy and Western Hills)
Jewish Hospital

Test development contributions
Manges-Garmize Behavioral Assessment Scale.
Manges, K. and Garmize, L. Copyright, Great Oaks Center, 1973.
Preliminary Diagnostic Questionnaire.
Copyright, Moriarity, J. (Dr. Manges was the editor & project supervisor)

Professional Participation: Book, Journal and University Affiliation
Book Contributions: Working in the Community.
Co-Author, Eighth Annual Institute of Rehabilitation Issues, 1979.
Journal Contributions:
Contributing editor, Journal of Forensic Vocational Assessment


University Affiliations

  • Former instructor in Forensic Psychology, Doctoral Psychology Program at Union Institute, OH.
  • Former instructor in Psychology, M.S. Program in Psychology at the College of Graduate Studies – WV